Lost Land and the myth of Kumari Kandam

S C Jayakaran


The concept of Lemuria was born in the 1860s when certain British geologists noted the striking similarity between rock formations and fossils found in India and Africa. There is confusion between the concept of the lost land south of India linked with the literary history of Tamil tradition and the myth of the lost land of Lemuria. With reference to the records of sea level fluctuations, climatic changes, glacial advances and glacial retreats, this article tries to trace the factors that had given rise to the myth of Kumari Kandam and briefly touches upon the development of the European concept of Lemuria that found its way into the Tamil literary tradition.

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